Turmeric, a plant in the ginger family, is native to Southeast Asia and is grown primarily in India. Historically, turmeric is used in traditional Indian and traditional Chinese medical systems. Curcumin is the main active ingredient in turmeric. It has powerful anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibiotic and anti-inflammatory properties. It was traditionally used for skin disorders, heart disease, upper respiratory tract, joints, and digestive systems. Turmeric may help protect your liver, lower cholesterol, and improve blood vessel health.